Dez. book of ra online Slot Games Free Download Full Version Wer ein normales Notebook sucht, ist bei Super-Power-Laptops für eine. Mai Book of ra casino online, StarGames, book of Ra Online, deluxe spielen!. Book of ra online - erfüllt ist. That ras al dhahab, volume mrs online. 1. Sept. Die Spielautomaten von Novoline wo derzeit folgende Spiele drunterfallen sind: Book of Ra, Sizzling Hot, Just Jewels. Gibt book of ra online.
If the minor has been committed to the custody or care of any of the institutions mentioned in the first paragraph of this article, with the approval of the Director of Public Welfare and subject to such conditions as this official in accordance with law may deem proper to impose, such minor may be allowed to stay elsewhere under the care of a responsible person.
If the minor has behaved properly and has complied with the conditions imposed upon him during his confinement, in accordance with the provisions of this article, he shall be returned to the court in order that the same may order his final release.
In case the minor fails to behave properly or to comply with the regulations of the institution to which he has been committed or with the conditions imposed upon him when he was committed to the care of a responsible person, or in case he should be found incorrigible or his continued stay in such institution should be inadvisable, he shall be returned to the court in order that the same may render the judgment corresponding to the crime committed by him.
The expenses for the maintenance of a minor delinquent confined in the institution to which he has been committed, shall be borne totally or partially by his parents or relatives or those persons liable to support him, if they are able to do so, in the discretion of the court; Provided, That in case his parents or relatives or those persons liable to support him have not been ordered to pay said expenses or are found indigent and cannot pay said expenses, the municipality in which the offense was committed shall pay one-third of said expenses; the province to which the municipality belongs shall pay one-third; and the remaining one-third shall be borne by the National Government: Provided, however, That whenever the Secretary of Finance certifies that a municipality is not able to pay its share in the expenses above mentioned, such share which is not paid by said municipality shall be borne by the National Government.
Chartered cities shall pay two-thirds of said expenses; and in case a chartered city cannot pay said expenses, the internal revenue allotments which may be due to said city shall be withheld and applied in settlement of said indebtedness in accordance with section five hundred and eighty-eight of the Administrative Code.
When and how the death penalty is to be executed. The death sentence shall be executed under the authority of the Director of Prisons, endeavoring so far as possible to mitigate the sufferings of the person under sentence during electrocution as well as during the proceedings prior to the execution.
If the person under sentence so desires, he shall be anaesthetized at the moment of the electrocution. Notification and execution of the sentence and assistance to the culprit.
During the interval between the notification and the execution, the culprit shall, in so far as possible, be furnished such assistance as he may request in order to be attended in his last moments by priests or ministers of the religion he professes and to consult lawyers, as well as in order to make a will and confer with members of his family or persons in charge of the management of his business, of the administration of his property, or of the care of his descendants.
Suspension of the execution of the death sentence. In this last case, the death sentence shall be commuted to the penalty of reclusion perpetua with the accessory penalties provided in Article Place of execution and persons who may witness the same.
Provisions relative to the corpse of the person executed and its burial. Otherwise, the Director of Prisons shall order the burial of the body of the culprit at government expense, granting permission to be present thereat to the members of the family of the culprit and the friends of the latter.
In no case shall the burial of the body of a person sentenced to death be held with pomp. Reclusion perpetua, reclusion temporal, prision mayor, prision correccional and arresto mayor.
How criminal liability is totally extinguished. By the death of the convict, as to the personal penalties and as to pecuniary penalties, liability therefor is extinguished only when the death of the offender occurs before final judgment.
By the marriage of the offended woman, as provided in Article of this Code. Crimes punishable by other afflictive penalties shall prescribe in fifteen years.
Those punishable by a correctional penalty shall prescribe in ten years; with the exception of those punishable by arresto mayor , which shall prescribe in five years.
When the penalty fixed by law is a compound one, the highest penalty shall be made the basis of the application of the rules contained in the first, second and third paragraphs of this article.
As amended by RA , approved June 19, Computation of prescription of offenses. The term of prescription shall not run when the offender is absent from the Philippine Archipelago.
When and how penalties prescribe. Correctional penalties, in ten years; with the exception of the penalty of arresto mayor , which prescribes in five years;.
Computation of the prescription of penalties. Partial Extinction of criminal liability. For good conduct allowances which the culprit may earn while he is serving his sentence.
Obligation incurred by person granted conditional pardon. Effect of commutation of sentence. Allowance for good conduct. During the first two years of his imprisonment, he shall be allowed a deduction of five days for each month of good behavior;.
During the third to the fifth year, inclusive, of his imprisonment, he shall be allowed a deduction of eight days for each month of good behavior;.
During the following years until the tenth year, inclusive, of his imprisonment, he shall be allowed a deduction of ten days for each month of good behavior; and.
During the eleventh and successive years of his imprisonment, he shall be allowed a deduction of fifteen days for each month of good behaviour.
Special time allowance for loyalty. Who grants time allowances. Such allowances once granted shall not be revoked.
Civil liability of a person guilty of felony. Rules regarding civil liability in certain cases. In cases of subdivisions 1, 2, and 3 of Article 12, the civil liability for acts committed by an imbecile or insane person, and by a person under nine years of age, or by one over nine but under fifteen years of age, who has acted without discernment, shall devolve upon those having such person under their legal authority or control, unless it appears that there was no fault or negligence on their part.
Should there be no person having such insane, imbecile or minor under his authority, legal guardianship or control, or if such person be insolvent, said insane, imbecile, or minor shall respond with their own property, excepting property exempt from execution, in accordance with the civil law.
In cases falling within subdivision 4 of Article 11, the persons for whose benefit the harm has been prevented shall be civilly liable in proportion to the benefit which they may have received.
The courts shall determine, in sound discretion, the proportionate amount for which each one shall be liable. When the respective shares cannot be equitably determined, even approximately, or when the liability also attaches to the Government, or to the majority of the inhabitants of the town, and, in all events, whenever the damages have been caused with the consent of the authorities or their agents, indemnification shall be made in the manner prescribed by special laws or regulations.
In cases falling within subdivisions 5 and 6 of Article 12, the persons using violence or causing the fears shall be primarily liable and secondarily, or, if there be no such persons, those doing the act shall be liable, saving always to the latter that part of their property exempt from execution.
Subsidiary civil liability of innkeepers, tavernkeepers and proprietors of establishments. Innkeepers are also subsidiarily liable for the restitution of goods taken by robbery or theft within their houses from guests lodging therein, or for the payment of the value thereof, provided that such guests shall have notified in advance the innkeeper himself, or the person representing him, of the deposit of such goods within the inn; and shall furthermore have followed the directions which such innkeeper or his representative may have given them with respect to the care and vigilance over such goods.
No liability shall attach in case of robbery with violence against or intimidation of persons unless committed by the innkeeper's employees.
Subsidiary civil liability of other persons. What is included in civil liability. The thing itself shall be restored, even though it be found in the possession of a third person who has acquired it by lawful means, saving to the latter his action against the proper person, who may be liable to him.
This provision is not applicable in cases in which the thing has been acquired by the third person in the manner and under the requirements which, by law, bar an action for its recovery.
Indemnification; What is included. Obligation to make restoration, reparation for damages, or indemnification for consequential damages and actions to demand the same; Upon whom it devolves.
The action to demand restoration, reparation, and indemnification likewise descends to the heirs of the person injured.
Share of each person civilly liable. Several and subsidiary liability of principals, accomplices and accessories of a felony; Preference in payment.
The subsidiary liability shall be enforced, first against the property of the principals; next, against that of the accomplices, and, lastly, against that of the accessories.
Whenever the liability in solidum or the subsidiary liability has been enforced, the person by whom payment has been made shall have a right of action against the others for the amount of their respective shares.
Obligation to make restitution in certain cases. Extinction of civil liability. Obligation to satisfy civil liability. No person shall be convicted of treason unless on the testimony of two witnesses at least to the same overt act or on confession of the accused in open court.
Likewise, an alien, residing in the Philippine Islands, who commits acts of treason as defined in paragraph 1 of this Article shall be punished by prision mayor to death and shall pay a fine not to exceed P 20, pesos.
Conspiracy and proposal to commit treason; Penalty. Without authority therefor, enters a warship, fort, or naval or military establishment or reservation to obtain any information, plans, photographs, or other data of a confidential nature relative to the defense of the Philippine Archipelago; or.
Being in possession, by reason of the public office he holds, of the articles, data, or information referred to in the preceding paragraph, discloses their contents to a representative of a foreign nation.
The penalty next higher in degree shall be imposed if the offender be a public officer or employee. Inciting to war or giving motives for reprisals.
Correspondence with hostile country. By prision correccional, if the correspondence has been prohibited by the Government;. By prision mayor, if such correspondence be carried on in ciphers or conventional signs; and.
By reclusion temporal, if notice or information be given thereby which might be useful to the enemy. If the offender intended to aid the enemy by giving such notice or information, he shall suffer the penalty of reclusion temporal to death.
Flight to enemy country. Piracy in general and mutiny on the high seas. The same penalty shall be inflicted in case of mutiny on the high seas or in Philippine waters.
Whenever the pirates have abandoned their victims without means of saving themselves; or. Whenever the crime is accompanied by murder, homicide, physical injuries or rape.
The penalty of arresto mayor in its maximum period to prision correccional in its minimum period, if the detention has not exceeded three days;.
The penalty of prision correccional in its medium and maximum periods, if the detention has continued more than three but not more than fifteen days;.
The penalty of prision mayor, if the detention has continued for more than fifteen days but not more than six months; and. The commission of a crime, or violent insanity or any other ailment requiring the compulsory confinement of the patient in a hospital, shall be considered legal grounds for the detention of any person.
Delay in the delivery of detained persons to the proper judicial authorities. In every case, the person detained shall be informed of the cause of his detention and shall be allowed upon his request, to communicate and confer at any time with his attorney or counsel.
If the offense be committed in the night-time, or if any papers or effects not constituting evidence of a crime be not returned immediately after the search made by the offender, the penalty shall be prision correccional in its medium and maximum periods.
Search warrants maliciously obtained and abuse in the service of those legally obtained. Searching domicile without witnesses. Prohibition, interruption and dissolution of peaceful meetings.
The same penalty shall be imposed upon a public officer or employee who shall hinder any person from joining any lawful association or from attending any of its meetings.
The same penalty shall be imposed upon any public officer or employee who shall prohibit or hinder any person from addressing, either alone or together with others, any petition to the authorities for the correction of abuses or redress of grievances.
Interruption of religious worship. If the crime shall have been committed with violence or threats, the penalty shall be prision correccional in its medium and maximum periods.
Offending the religious feelings. Rebellion or insurrection; How committed. As amended by R. Coup d'etat; How committed. Penalty for rebellion, insurrection or coup d'etat.
Any person merely participating or executing the commands of others in a rebellion shall suffer the penalty of reclusion temporal. Any person who leads or in any manner directs or commands others to undertake a coup d'etat shall suffer the penalty of reclusion perpetua.
Any person in the government service who participates, or executes directions or commands of others in undertaking a coup d'etat shall suffer the penalty of prision mayor in its maximum period.
Any person not in the government service who participates, or in any manner supports, finances, abets or aids in undertaking a coup d'etat shall suffer the penalty of reclusion temporal in its maximum period.
When the rebellion, insurrection, or coup d'etat shall be under the command of unknown leaders, any person who in fact directed the others, spoke for them, signed receipts and other documents issued in their name, as performed similar acts, on behalf or the rebels shall be deemed a leader of such a rebellion, insurrection, or coup d'etat.
Conspiracy and proposal to commit coup d'etat, rebellion or insurrection. The conspiracy and proposal to commit rebellion or insurrection shall be punished respectively, by prision correccional in its maximum period and a fine which shall not exceed five thousand pesos P 5, Disloyalty of public officers or employees.
Inciting a rebellion or insurrection. To prevent the promulgation or execution of any law or the holding of any popular election;.
To prevent the National Government, or any provincial or municipal government or any public officer thereof from freely exercising its or his functions, or prevent the execution of any administrative order;.
To inflict any act of hate or revenge upon the person or property of any public officer or employee;. To commit, for any political or social end, any act of hate or revenge against private persons or any social class; and.
To despoil, for any political or social end, any person, municipality or province, or the National Government or the Government of the United States , of all its property or any part thereof.
Other persons participating therein shall suffer the penalty of prision correccional in its maximum period and a fine not exceeding 5, pesos. Conspiracy to commit sedition.
Act tending to prevent the meeting of the Assembly and similar bodies. Violation of parliamentary immunity. Persons merely present at such meeting shall suffer the penalty of arresto mayor , unless they are armed, in which case the penalty shall be prision correccional.
If any person present at the meeting carries an unlicensed firearm, it shall be presumed that the purpose of said meeting, insofar as he is concerned, is to commit acts punishable under this Code, and he shall be considered a leader or organizer of the meeting within the purview of the preceding paragraph.
As used in this article, the word "meeting" shall be understood to include a gathering or group, whether in a fixed place or moving.
Mere members of said associations shall suffer the penalty of arresto mayor. If none of these circumstances be present, the penalty of prision correccional in its minimum period and a fine not exceeding P pesos shall be imposed.
Disobedience to summons issued by the National Assembly, its committees or subcommittees, by the Constitutional Commissions, its committees, subcommittees or divisions.
The same penalty shall be imposed upon any person who shall restrain another from attending as a witness, or who shall induce disobedience to a summon or refusal to be sworn by any such body or official.
Resistance and disobedience to a person in authority or the agents of such person. When the disobedience to an agent of a person in authority is not of a serious nature, the penalty of arresto menor or a fine ranging from 10 to P pesos shall be imposed upon the offender.
Persons in authority and agents of persons in authority; Who shall be deemed as such. A barrio captain and a barangay chairman shall also be deemed a person in authority.
A person who, by direct provision of law or by election or by appointment by competent authority, is charged with the maintenance of public order and the protection and security of life and property, such as a barrio councilman, barrio policeman and barangay leader and any person who comes to the aid of persons in authority, shall be deemed an agent of a person in authority.
In applying the provisions of Articles and of this Code, teachers, professors and persons charged with the supervision of public or duly recognized private schools, colleges and universities, and lawyers in the actual performance of their professional duties or on the occasion of such performance, shall be deemed persons in authority.
As amended by PD No. Tumults and other disturbance of public orders; Tumultuous disturbance or interruption liable to cause disturbance.
The penalty next higher in degree shall be imposed upon persons causing any disturbance or interruption of a tumultuous character.
The disturbance or interruption shall be deemed to be tumultuous if caused by more than three persons who are armed or provided with means of violence.
The penalty of arresto mayor shall be imposed upon any person who in any meeting, association, or public place, shall make any outcry tending to incite rebellion or sedition or in such place shall display placards or emblems which provoke a disturbance of the public order.
The penalty of arresto menor and a fine not to exceed P pesos shall be imposed upon these persons who in violation of the provisions contained in the last clause of Article 85, shall bury with pomp the body of a person who has been legally executed.
Unlawful use of means of publication and unlawful utterances. Any person who by means of printing, lithography, or any other means of publication shall publish or cause to be published as news any false news which may endanger the public order, or cause damage to the interest or credit of the State;.
Any person who by the same means, or by words, utterances or speeches shall encourage disobedience to the law or to the constituted authorities or praise, justify, or extol any act punished by law;.
Any person who shall maliciously publish or cause to be published any official resolution or document without proper authority, or before they have been published officially; or.
Any person who shall print, publish, or distribute or cause to be printed, published, or distributed books, pamphlets, periodicals, or leaflets which do not bear the real printer's name, or which are classified as anonymous.
Any person who within any town or public place, shall discharge any firearm, rocket, firecracker, or other explosives calculated to cause alarm or danger;.
Any person who shall instigate or take an active part in any charivari or other disorderly meeting offensive to another or prejudicial to public tranquility;.
Any person who, while wandering about at night or while engaged in any other nocturnal amusements, shall disturb the public peace; or.
Any person who, while intoxicated or otherwise, shall cause any disturbance or scandal in public places, provided that the circumstances of the case shall not make the provisions of Article applicable.
Delivery of prisoners from jails. If other means are used, the penalty of arresto mayor shall be imposed.
If the escape of the prisoner shall take place outside of said establishments by taking the guards by surprise, the same penalties shall be imposed in their minimum period.
Evasion of service of sentence. However, if such evasion or escape shall have taken place by means of unlawful entry, by breaking doors, windows, gates, walls, roofs, or floors, or by using picklocks, false keys, deceit, violence or intimidation, or through connivance with other convicts or employees of the penal institution, the penalty shall be prision correccional in its maximum period.
Evasion of service of sentence on the occasion of disorder, conflagrations, earthquakes, or other calamities. Convicts who, under the circumstances mentioned in the preceding paragraph, shall give themselves up to the authorities within the above mentioned period of 48 hours, shall be entitled to the deduction provided in Article Other cases of evasion of service of sentence.
However, if the penalty remitted by the granting of such pardon be higher than six years, the convict shall then suffer the unexpired portion of his original sentence.
Commission of another crime during service of penalty imposed for another offense; Penalty. Any convict of the class referred to in this article, who is not a habitual criminal, shall be pardoned at the age of seventy years if he shall have already served out his original sentence, or when he shall complete it after reaching the said age, unless by reason of his conduct or other circumstances he shall not be worthy of such clemency.
Counterfeiting the great seal of the Government of the Philippine Islands, forging the signature or stamp of the Chief Executive.
Using forged signature or counterfeit seal or stamp. Making and importing and uttering false coins. Prision mayor in its minimum and medium periods and a fine not to exceed P 10, pesos, if the counterfeited coin be silver coin of the Philippines or coin of the Central Bank of the Philippines of ten centavo denomination or above.
Prision correccional in its minimum and medium periods and a fine of not to exceed P 2, pesos, if the counterfeited coins be any of the minor coinage of the Philippines or of the Central Bank of the Philippines below ten-centavo denomination.
Prision correccional in its minimum period and a fine not to exceed P 1, pesos, if the counterfeited coin be currency of a foreign country.
Mutilation of coins; Importation and utterance of mutilated coins. Selling of false or mutilated coin, without connivance. Forging treasury or bank notes on other documents payable to bearer; importing, and uttering such false or forged notes and documents.
By reclusion temporal in its minimum period and a fine not to exceed P 10, pesos, if the document which has been falsified, counterfeited, or altered, is an obligations or security of the United States or of the Philippines Islands.
The word "obligation or security of the United States or of the Philippine Islands" shall be held to mean all bonds, certificates of indebtedness, national bank notes, fractional notes, certificates of deposit, bills, checks, or drafts for money, drawn by or upon authorized officers of the United States or of the Philippine Islands, and other representatives of value, of whatever denomination, which have been or may be issued under any act of the Congress of the United States or of the Philippine Legislature.
By prision mayor in its maximum period and a fine not to exceed P 5, pesos, if the falsified or altered document is a circulating note issued by any banking association duly authorized by law to issue the same.
By prision mayor in its medium period and a fine not to exceed P 5, pesos, if the falsified or counterfeited document was issued by a foreign government.
By prision mayor in its minimum period and a fine not to exceed P 2, pesos, when the forged or altered document is a circulating note or bill issued by a foreign bank duly authorized therefor.
Counterfeiting, importing and uttering instruments not payable to bearer. Illegal possession and use of false treasury or bank notes and other instruments of credit.
How forgery is committed. By giving to a treasury or bank note or any instrument, payable to bearer or order mentioned therein, the appearance of a true genuine document.
By erasing, substituting, counterfeiting or altering by any means the figures, letters, words or signs contained therein. Falsification of legislative documents.
Falsification by public officer, employee or notary or ecclesiastic minister. Causing it to appear that persons have participated in any act or proceeding when they did not in fact so participate;.
Attributing to persons who have participated in an act or proceeding statements other than those in fact made by them;.
Making any alteration or intercalation in a genuine document which changes its meaning;. Issuing in an authenticated form a document purporting to be a copy of an original document when no such original exists, or including in such a copy a statement contrary to, or different from, that of the genuine original; or.
Intercalating any instrument or note relative to the issuance thereof in a protocol, registry, or official book. The same penalty shall be imposed upon any ecclesiastical minister who shall commit any of the offenses enumerated in the preceding paragraphs of this article, with respect to any record or document of such character that its falsification may affect the civil status of persons.
Falsification by private individual and use of falsified documents. Any private individual who shall commit any of the falsifications enumerated in the next preceding article in any public or official document or letter of exchange or any other kind of commercial document; and.
Any person who, to the damage of a third party, or with the intent to cause such damage, shall in any private document commit any of the acts of falsification enumerated in the next preceding article.
Any person who shall knowingly introduce in evidence in any judicial proceeding or to the damage of another or who, with the intent to cause such damage, shall use any of the false documents embraced in the next preceding article, or in any of the foregoing subdivisions of this article, shall be punished by the penalty next lower in degree.
Falsification of wireless, cable, telegraph and telephone messages, and use of said falsified messages. Any person who shall use such falsified dispatch to the prejudice of a third party or with the intent of cause such prejudice, shall suffer the penalty next lower in degree.
False medical certificates, false certificates of merits or service, etc. Any physician or surgeon who, in connection, with the practice of his profession, shall issue a false certificate; and.
Any public officer who shall issue a false certificate of merit of service, good conduct or similar circumstances. The penalty of arresto mayor shall be imposed upon any private person who shall falsify a certificate falling within the classes mentioned in the two preceding subdivisions.
Manufacturing and possession of instruments or implements for falsification. Any person who, with the intention of using them, shall have in his possession any of the instruments or implements mentioned in the preceding paragraphs, shall suffer the penalty next lower in degree than that provided therein.
Usurpation of authority or official functions. Using fictitious name and concealing true name. Any person who conceals his true name and other personal circumstances shall be punished by arresto menor or a fine not to exceed pesos.
Illegal use of uniforms or insignia. False testimony against a defendant. The penalty of reclusion temporal, if the defendant in said case shall have been sentenced to death;.
The penalty of prision mayor, if the defendant shall have been sentenced to reclusion temporal or reclusion perpetua;. The penalty of prision correccional, if the defendant shall have been sentenced to any other afflictive penalty; and.
The penalty of arresto mayor , if the defendant shall have been sentenced to a correctional penalty or a fine, or shall have been acquitted.
In cases provided in subdivisions 3 and 4 of this article the offender shall further suffer a fine not to exceed 1, pesos.
False testimony favorable to the defendants. False testimony in civil cases. False testimony in other cases and perjury in solemn affirmation.
Any person who, in case of a solemn affirmation made in lieu of an oath, shall commit any of the falsehoods mentioned in this and the three preceding articles of this section, shall suffer the respective penalties provided therein.
Offering false testimony in evidence. Machinations in public auctions. Monopolies and combinations in restraint of trade.
Any person who shall enter into any contract or agreement or shall take part in any conspiracy or combination in the form of a trust or otherwise, in restraint of trade or commerce or to prevent by artificial means free competition in the market;.
Any person who shall monopolize any merchandise or object of trade or commerce, or shall combine with any other person or persons to monopolize and merchandise or object in order to alter the price thereof by spreading false rumors or making use of any other article to restrain free competition in the market;.
Any person who, being a manufacturer, producer, or processor of any merchandise or object of commerce or an importer of any merchandise or object of commerce from any foreign country, either as principal or agent, wholesaler or retailer, shall combine, conspire or agree in any manner with any person likewise engaged in the manufacture, production, processing, assembling or importation of such merchandise or object of commerce or with any other persons not so similarly engaged for the purpose of making transactions prejudicial to lawful commerce, or of increasing the market price in any part of the Philippines, of any such merchandise or object of commerce manufactured, produced, processed, assembled in or imported into the Philippines, or of any article in the manufacture of which such manufactured, produced, or imported merchandise or object of commerce is used.
If the offense mentioned in this article affects any food substance, motor fuel or lubricants, or other articles of prime necessity, the penalty shall be that of prision mayor in its maximum and medium periods it being sufficient for the imposition thereof that the initial steps have been taken toward carrying out the purposes of the combination.
Any property possessed under any contract or by any combination mentioned in the preceding paragraphs, and being the subject thereof, shall be forfeited to the Government of the Philippines.
Whenever any of the offenses described above is committed by a corporation or association, the president and each one of its agents or representatives in the Philippines in case of a foreign corporation or association, who shall have knowingly permitted or failed to prevent the commission of such offense, shall be held liable as principals thereof.
Importation and disposition of falsely marked articles or merchandise made of gold, silver, or other precious metals or their alloys.
Any stamp, brand, label, or mark shall be deemed to fail to indicate the actual fineness of the article on which it is engraved, printed, stamped, labeled or attached, when the rest of the article shows that the quality or fineness thereof is less by more than one-half karat, if made of gold, and less by more than four one-thousandth, if made of silver, than what is shown by said stamp, brand, label or mark.
Several epithets attached to his name in Egyptian texts and inscriptions referred to that role. Khenty-imentiu , which means "foremost of the westerners" and later became the name of a different wolf god , alluded to his protecting function because the dead were usually buried on the west bank of the Nile.
The Jumilhac papyrus recounts another tale where Anubis protected the body of Osiris from Set. Set attempted to attack the body of Osiris by transforming himself into a leopard.
Anubis stopped and subdued Set, however, and he branded Set's skin with a hot iron rod. Anubis then flayed Set and wore his skin as a warning against evil-doers who would desecrate the tombs of the dead.
The legend of Anubis branding the hide of Set in leopard form was used to explain how the leopard got its spots. Most ancient tombs had prayers to Anubis carved on them.
As jmy-wt "He who is in the place of embalming ", Anubis was associated with mummification. In the Osiris myth , Anubis helped Isis to embalm Osiris.
With this connection, Anubis became the patron god of embalmers; during the rites of mummification, illustrations from the Book of the Dead often show a wolf-mask-wearing priest supporting the upright mummy.
By the late pharaonic era — BC , Anubis was often depicted as guiding individuals across the threshold from the world of the living to the afterlife.
One of the roles of Anubis was as the "Guardian of the Scales. By weighing the heart of a deceased person against Ma'at or "truth" , who was often represented as an ostrich feather, Anubis dictated the fate of souls.
Souls heavier than a feather would be devoured by Ammit , and souls lighter than a feather would ascend to a heavenly existence. Anubis was one of the most frequently represented gods in ancient Egyptian art.
Later in the Middle Kingdom Anubis was often portrayed as a wolf-headed human. In funerary contexts, Anubis is shown either attending to a deceased person's mummy or sitting atop a tomb protecting it.
New Kingdom tomb-seals also depict Anubis sitting atop the nine bows that symbolize his domination over the enemies of Egypt. Anubis mask Roemer- und Pelizaeus-Museum Hildesheim.
A worshipper kneeling before Anubis Walters Art Museum. Let him promote the welfare of his people! Hammurabi, the king of righteousness, whom Shamash has endowed with justice, am I.
My words are weighty; my deeds are unrivaled. If that man do not pay attention to my words which I have written upon my monument; if he forget my curse and do not fear the curse of god; if he abolish the judgments which I have formulated, overrule my words, alter my statues, efface my name written thereon and write his own name; on account of these curses, commission another to do so—as for that man, be he king or lord, or priest-king or commoner, whoever he may be, may the great god, the father of the gods, who has ordained my reign, take from him the glory of his sovereignty, may he break his scepter, and curse his fate!
May Bel, the lord, who determines destinies, whose command cannot be altered, who has enlarged my dominion, drive him out from his dwelling through a revolt which his hand cannot control and a curse destructive to him.
May he determine as his fate a reign of sighs, days few in number, years of famine, darkness without light, death staring him in the face!
The destruction of his city, the dispersion of his people, the wresting away of his dominion, the blotting out of his name and memory from the land, may Bel order with his potent command!
May Belit, the august mother, whose command is potent in E-kur, who looks with gracious favor upon my plans, in the place of judgment and decisions pervert his words in the presence of Bel!
May she put into the mouth of Bel, the king, the ruin of his land, the destruction of his people and the pouring out of his life like water! May Ea, the great prince, whose decrees take precedence, the leader of the gods, who knows everything, who prolongs Col.
May he bring him to oblivion, and dam up his rivers at their sources! May he not permit corn, which is the life of the people, to grow in his land!
May Shamash, the great judge of heaven and earth, who rules all living creatures, the lord inspiring confidence, overthrow his dominion; may he not grant him his rights!
May he make him to err in his path, may he destroy the mass foundation of his troops! May he bring to his view an evil omen of the uprooting of the foundation of his sovereignty, and the ruin of his land.
May the blighting curse of Shamash come upon him quickly! May he cut off his life above upon the earth! Below, within the earth, may he deprive his spirit of water!
May Sin, the lord of heaven, my divine creator, whose scimetar shines among the gods, take away from him the crown and Edition: May he lay upon him heavy guilt and great sin, which will not depart from him!
May he bring to an end the days, months, and years of his reign with sighing and tears! May he multiply the burdens of his sovereignty! May he determine as his fate a life like unto death!
May Adad, the lord of abundance, the regent of heaven and earth, my helper, deprive him of the rain from heaven and the water-floods from the springs!
May he bring his land to destruction through want and hunger! May he break loose furiously over his city and turn his land into a heap left by a whirlwind!
May he turn day into night for him, and place his enemy over him! May Ishtar, goddess of battle and conflict, who makes ready my weapons, the gracious protecting deity, who loves my reign, curse his dominion with great fury in her wrathful heart, and turn good into evil for him!
May she shatter his weapons on the field of battle and conflict! May she create confusion and revolt for him! May she strike down his warriors, may their blood water the earth!
May she cast the bodies of his warriors upon the field in heaps! May she not grant his warriors burial?
May she deliver him into the hands of his enemies, and may they carry him away bound into a hostile land! May Nergal, the mighty among the gods, the warrior without an equal, who grants me victory, in his great power, burn his people like a raging fire of swamp-reed.
With his powerful Edition: May Nin-tu, the exalted mistress of the lands, the mother who bore me, deny him a son!
May she not let him hold a name among his people, nor beget an heir! May Nin-kar-ra-ak, the daughter of Anu, who commands favors for me in E-kur, cause to come upon his members until it overcomes his life, a grievous malady, an evil disease, a dangerous sore, which cannot be cured, which the physician cannot diagnose, which he cannot allay with bandages, and which, like the bite of death, cannot be removed!
May he lament the loss of his vigor! May the great gods of heaven and earth, the Anunnaki in their assembly, curse with blighting curses the wall of the temple, the construction of this E-babbarra, his seed, his land, his army, his people, and his troops!
May Bel with his command which cannot be altered curse him with a powerful curse and may it come upon him speedily!
II, 1, to purify, to prove innocent, to vindicate: I, 1, to bring: I, 2, to govern: III, 1, to bring, to take away, to transport: III, 2, to carry away: II, 1, to accuse: II, 2, to file a claim for: IV, 1, in-na-bi-tu, 22 , 70; mu-na-ab-tim, 22 , IV, 2, it-ta-bi-it, 22 , I, 1, to be careless, to neglect: I, 1, to hire: II, 1, u-wi-id-di, 33 , II, 2, u-te-id-di, 39 , I, 1, to know, to identify: III, 1, to make known: I, 1, to leave, to forsake: III, 1, to deliver: I, 1, to take, to seize: I, 1, to eat: III, 1, to cause to eat, to pasture: I, 2, to go up, to forfeit: II, 1, to raise on high: III, 2, to refloat: I, 1, to bear, to beget: I, 2, it-ta-la-ad, 22 , 46, 24 , 47, 27 , 84, 29 , 45, 53, I, 1, to go, to conduct: I, 2, it-ta-la-ak, 8 , 6, 10 , 23, 64, 27 , 1, 13, 80, 29 , 87, 32 , 91, 33 , 20; it-ta-al-la-ak, 24 , 5, 25 , 9, 32 , 86; it-ta-al-kam-ma, 39 , 79; it-ta-al-ku, 11 , 3, 27 , 41, 60, 87, 28 , 52, 68, 30 , 78, 31 , 37, 51, 68, 86, 32 , 12, II, 1, to lay upon, to place upon: IV, 1, to stand together, to be united, to join hands: I, 1, to see, to consider, to examine, to meet with: I, 2, i-ta-mar, 17 , 10, I, 1, to change, to alter, to cancel: III, 1, to shine, to make to shine, to make glorious, to prevail: I, 1, to give back, to pay, to repay: II, 1, to transfer: I, 1, to go out, to go forth, to escape, to utter, to bear: I, 1, to enter: I, 2, i-te-ru-ub, 18 , 42, 22, 22, 45, III, 1, to cause to enter, to bring in: I, 1, to plant, to cultivate: I, 1, to be righteous: III, 1, to rule with right: I, 1, to bring, to carry cf.
II, 1, to extinguish, to make an end of: I, 1, to live: II, 1, to save the life of: I, 1, to claim, to make claim: IV, 1, ib-ba-gar, 19 , 73; ib-ba-ag-gar, 32 , 38, 53, II, 1, to cut, to brand: II, 2, ug-da-al-li-ib, 35 , II, 1, to complete, to bring about: I, 1, to kill, to put to death: I, 1, to name, to declare: IV, 1, li-iz-za-ki-ir, 41 , 2.
I, 1, to oppress, to plunder: I, 1, to rob, to plunder, to destroy: I, 1, to throw into, to thrust into: I, 1, to lose, to destroy: II, 1, to benefit, cause to prosper, to content: I, 1, to be established, to be firm: II, 1, to establish, to call to account: II, 2, to establish, prove: I, 1, to reach, to overcome: I, 1, to know, know carnally: I, 2, il-ta-ma-ad, 25 , I, 2, il-te-ki, 9 , 62, 11 , 53, 61, 17 , 51, 19 , 5.
I, 1, to agree, to look with favor upon, to countenance: I, 2, im-ta-gar, 15 , 50, 25 , 4. I, 1, to receive: III, 2, to take precedence of: I, 1, to strike, beat: II, 2, to make little, to diminish: III, 1, to make little, to belittle: I, 1, to fill out, to complete: I, 1, to count, to reckon: III, 1, to cause to find: I, 1, to fall, collapse: I, 2, im-ta-ku-ut, 39 , I, 3, to leave: II, 2, to go free: I, 2, to die: I, 2, it-te-bi, 19 , 21, 36 , II, 1, mu-na-ak-ki-ib, 3 , 9.
I, 1, to put, to cast, to neglect: I, 2, it-ta-di, 13 , 7, 33 , 69, 72; li-it-ta-ad-di, 44 , IV, 1, in-na-ad-di, 9 , 65; in-na-ad-du-u, 33 , 70; in-na-du-u, 16 , I, 1, to give, to give for money, to sell, to pay: I, 2, it-ta-di-in, 11 , 56, 17 , 18, 37 , 90, 38 , I, 3, it-ta-an-di-in, 19 , 60, I, 1, cut off, separate: I, 2, it-ta-sa-ak, 37 , III, 1, to cut off, efface, destroy: I, 1, to cut, to cut down: